Depending on the strength of the dilution used, it can be used as a pH regulator, a moisturiser or as a skin peel.
In the lower percentages, it reduces Trans Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL) by causing an increased production of the skin’s natural fats and oils.
This has a good moisturising effect on the skin and can be used in water based serums, gels, toners, creams and lotions.
It can also work deeper in the skin stimulating fibroblast activity which increases cellular turnover and thickens the dermis.
This makes for a more structured and compact epidermis which looks fresher and younger.
This is especially beneficial in night creams and anti aging products.
When it is used at higher concentrations, it can break down or dissolve the bonds holding the epidermal cells together.
This creates an exfoliating effect and is especially beneficial in products for acne prone skin.