It is a polysaccharide that makes an excellent thickening agent. It is produced by fermenting protein and carbohydrate sources (usually from Soy or Corn) with a bacterium called Xanthomonas campestris.
After fermentation and product recovery, the remaining product is dried, milled and then tested. Throughout the production process aeration, agitation, pH and temperature are strictly controlled to ensure a quality product.
This Xanthan gum thickens water and water based materials. It enhances the stability of creams and lotions. It produces a clear gel.
Use 0.2-1%. We suggest using no more than 1% on facial products as the xanthan gum does not penetrate the skin although more may be used to make hair gels or body wraps that will be wiped off after use.
As it has a high mesh grade (14 mesh which is a larger particle size), it can be sprinkled onto water and then beaten briefly with a whisk. Take care not to lift the whisk and introduce air into the gel as this will cause bubbles to form. You are beating it to disperse it evenly - not to make it thicken. It thickens by hydrating with water over a period of time. It will thicken quicker with hot water but is more prone to clumping as the heat makes it expand faster. Once cooled, the overall thickness is no different to when room temperature water has been used. Best not to use very cold water.
You can also use it by dissolving the Xanthan gum in a little glycerine first; this reduces the need for whisking and produces an even clearer gel as there will be few (if any) remaining air bubbles.
It is not oil soluble and will not thicken oils. Oil materials can be added to the gel made with Xanthan gum but it will only hold about 5% oil before the gel starts to split.
Aloe Vera Gel - Makes 100 ml/g
This makes a light and elegant gel rich with the healing abilities of aloe vera. It can be used as a base to add oils, tinctures and other active ingredients. Without oil, it can feel tight and drying on the skin.
Stage 1: (room temperature)
88% Spring Water
1% Xanthan Gum
Stage 2: (room temperature)
10% Aloe Vera Concentrate
1% Preservative 12
Sprinkle the Xanthan gum onto the surface of the water and beat briefly. Keep the whisk low so as not to introduce air. When it is the thickness you want, add the stage 2 ingredients. Combine thoroughly. Bottle and label.
We have given percentages here as this is the easiest way to work. When making smaller amounts, we assume that 10% is a similar amount to 10ml of oil or 10g of butter or powders. However, when making larger amounts, they are not the same. Decide whether you want to use measuring cylinders or scales or both in your recipes. Weighing all materials gives the best accuracy.
NOTE: For further recipes please refer to Kolbjorn’s book “The Aromantic Guide to Unlocking the Powerful Health & Rejuvenation Benefits of Vegetable Oils
These recipes are given in good faith and are intended for educational purposes only. They have not been evaluated or tested in any way and Aromantic Ltd. makes no claim as to their effectiveness. It is up to the reader to ensure that any products they produce from these recipes are safe to use, and if relevant, compliant under current cosmetic regulations.
Aloe Vera Concentrate